Who Is a Physician Who Specializes in the Care of Older People?

Who is a physician who specializes in the care of older people? Let’s find out.

As we age, our bodies undergo many changes, and it’s essential to have a doctor who specializes in caring for older adults. That’s where a geriatrician comes in. One might wonder, “At what age should you see a geriatrician? “

A geriatric doctor or geriatrician is a physician with specialized training in diagnosing and treating health issues unique to older adults. They focus on improving the quality of life for seniors, including managing chronic conditions, preventing falls, and addressing cognitive decline. Whether it’s a routine check-up or a complex medical issue, a geriatrician has the knowledge and expertise to provide personalized care that considers each patient’s unique needs and goals. This specialist embodies the crucial role of a physician in society.

So, if you or a loved one is approaching your golden years, it’s worth considering a geriatrician as your primary care physician.


Why Is It Called Geriatrics?

Geriatrics is the branch of medicine that focuses on the health and care of elderly people. The word “geriatrics” comes from the Greek word “geron,” which means “old man,” and “iatros,” which means “physician” or “healer.” According to the National Institute on Aging, it is the study of how to keep older people healthy and happy as they age.

It is the study of how to keep older people healthy and happy as they age. It’s a really important field because as people get older, they often need different kinds of care than younger people do. For example, they may be more likely to have chronic health problems like arthritis or diabetes and need help with daily activities like bathing or dressing.

Geriatrics vs. Gerontology

Geriatrics and gerontology are two related but distinct fields that both deal with the study of aging and the elderly.

As the American Geriatrics Society explains, geriatrics focuses on the medical care and treatment of elderly individuals. It involves diagnosing and managing diseases and conditions common among older people, such as dementia, arthritis, and osteoporosis.

On the other hand, gerontology is the scientific study of the aging process itself, including the physical, psychological, and social changes that occur as people age. Gerontologists may come from various disciplines, such as biology, psychology, sociology, or economics. They may conduct research on the causes and effects of aging, the impact of social and environmental factors on aging, and strategies for promoting healthy aging. They may also work in public policy, social work, or education, using their knowledge of aging to develop programs and services for older adults.

So while geriatrics and gerontology are both concerned with aging and the elderly, geriatrics is more focused on medical care and treatment. In contrast, gerontology is more focused on the scientific study of aging and its effects on individuals and society.


Geriatrician Responsibilities

A geriatrician’s primary responsibility is to provide comprehensive medical care to elderly individuals, focusing on their unique health needs and conditions. Here are some of their key responsibilities:

  • Conducting comprehensive assessments: Geriatricians evaluate the overall health and well-being of their patients, taking into account factors such as medical history, current health status, medication use, and lifestyle habits. They may use specialized assessments to evaluate cognitive function, mobility, and other physical and mental health aspects.
  • Developing treatment plans: Based on their assessments, geriatricians develop personalized treatment plans for their patients. It may involve prescribing medications, recommending lifestyle changes, or referring patients to other specialists as needed.
  • Managing chronic conditions: Many older adults have one or more chronic health conditions that require ongoing management. Geriatricians work to help their patients manage these conditions, providing care and support to minimize symptoms and improve quality of life.
  • Addressing geriatric syndromes: Geriatricians are trained to recognize and address common geriatric syndromes, such as falls, incontinence, and frailty. They may work with physical therapists, occupational therapists, and other specialists to help patients manage these conditions.
  • Providing end-of-life care: Geriatricians may also play a key role in providing end-of-life care to their patients. They may help patients and their families make decisions about treatment and care and work to ensure that patients are as comfortable and pain-free as possible during their final days.

Common Diseases in the Elderly

Here are some of the most common diseases and health conditions that affect older adults:

  • Arthritis: Arthritis is a common condition that causes inflammation and joint pain. It is more common in older adults and can limit mobility and reduce the quality of life.
  • Cardiovascular disease:  Cardiovascular disease, including heart disease and stroke, is a leading cause of death among older adults. Risk factors include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and a sedentary lifestyle.
  • Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias: Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia are progressive neurological conditions that cause cognitive decline, memory loss, and other symptoms that can significantly impact an individual’s quality of life.
  • Diabetes: Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects how the body processes blood sugar. It is more common in older adults and can lead to health complications if improperly managed.
  • Osteoporosis: Osteoporosis is when bones become weak and brittle, making them more prone to fractures. It is more common in older adults, especially women.
  • Cancer: Cancer is a leading cause of death among older adults. As people age, they are at increased risk for certain types of cancer, including breast, prostate, lung, and colorectal cancer.
  • Respiratory diseases: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and other respiratory diseases can make breathing difficult and significantly impact an individual’s quality of life.
  • Vision and hearing loss: Vision and hearing loss are common in older adults and can greatly impact an individual’s ability to function independently and maintain social connections.

Tips on How to Find a Geriatrician

Finding a geriatrician can be a challenge, but there are several steps you can take to make the process easier. Here are some tips on how to find a geriatrician:

  1. Ask for referrals: Ask your primary care physician or other health care providers if they can recommend a geriatrician. They can refer you to a specialist with experience working with older adults.
  2. Check with your insurance provider: If you have health insurance, check with your provider to see if they have a list of geriatricians in your area covered by your plan. It can help you narrow your search and find a provider who is affordable and accessible.
  3. Search online: Use online search tools to find geriatricians in your area. Many healthcare providers have websites that list their specialties, qualifications, and contact information. You can also check online reviews and ratings to see what other patients say about a particular provider.
  4. Contact local senior centers or organizations: Local senior centers, retirement communities, and other organizations may have resources or referrals for geriatricians in your area. They may also provide information on other resources, such as support groups or community services, that can help you or your loved one navigate the challenges of aging.
  5. Schedule a consultation: Once you have a list of potential geriatricians, schedule a consultation to meet with them in person. It can allow you to ask questions, discuss your concerns, and understand whether the provider is a good fit for you or your loved one.


Career as a Geriatrician

A career as a geriatrician can be rewarding and fulfilling, as you will have the opportunity to help older adults maintain their health, manage chronic conditions, and improve their quality of life. Here are some key aspects of a career as a geriatrician:

  • Education and training: To become a geriatrician, you must complete medical school and residency training in internal or family medicine. You will also need to complete a fellowship in geriatric medicine, which typically lasts one to two years.
  • Specialized skills: Geriatricians need specialized skills in assessing and treating older adults with complex medical needs and multiple chronic conditions. You must communicate effectively with older adults and their families and develop individualized treatment plans considering a patient’s unique needs and circumstances.
  • Career opportunities: Geriatricians can work in various settings, including hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, and community health centers. Some geriatricians also work in academic settings, researching and teaching medical students and residents.
  • Job outlook and salary: The job outlook for geriatricians is vital as the population of older adults continues to grow. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual salary for physicians and surgeons, including geriatricians, was $206,500 in May 2020.
  • Personal fulfillment: Working as a geriatrician can be personally fulfilling, as you can positively impact the lives of older adults and their families. You will be able to help patients manage chronic conditions, maintain their independence, and improve their overall quality of life.

Overall, geriatricians are dedicated to providing comprehensive medical care to older adults, promoting health, improving quality of life, and supporting patients and their families throughout the aging process.


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