What Are Examples of General Surgery?

What are examples of general surgery?

Are you curious about the diverse field of general surgery? General surgeons perform a wide range of operations, from emergency procedures to elective surgeries.

With medical technology advancements, the general surgery field is constantly evolving. In this article, we’ll explore some examples of general surgery to help you better understand this crucial medical specialty.

What Is General Surgery?

General surgery is a specialty in the medical field that involves the diagnosis, treatment, and management of various surgical conditions. General surgeons are trained to perform a wide range of surgeries, including emergency surgery, trauma surgery, and elective procedures.

The scope of general surgery includes diagnosing and treating diseases or conditions that affect the abdomen, including the stomach, small and large intestines, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, and bile ducts. General surgeons also perform surgeries involving the breast, skin, soft tissues, and endocrine system. Some may even specialize further in fields like vascular surgery.

In addition to surgical interventions, general surgeons are responsible for patients’ preoperative and postoperative care. They work closely with other healthcare professionals, such as anesthesiologists, nurses, and surgical technicians, to ensure the best possible outcomes for their patients.

General surgery is a broad field that requires extensive training and expertise. To become a general surgeon, one must complete medical school and a residency program in general surgery. They may also pursue additional fellowship training in a specific area of interest, such as thoracic surgery.

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General Surgery Procedures

General surgery is a broad field that covers many topics related to surgical procedures and treatments.

Some general surgery topics include:

  1. Abdominal surgery: This includes surgery on the organs within the abdominal cavity, such as the stomach, liver, and intestines. You might visit the American College of Surgeons’ page for more in-depth knowledge about abdominal surgery.
  2. Breast surgery: Surgery to remove breast tumors or reconstruct the breast after mastectomy. The American Cancer Society provides comprehensive information about breast cancer surgeries.
  3. Endocrine surgery: Surgery on the endocrine glands, such as the thyroid and parathyroid glands.
  4. Colorectal surgery: Surgery on the colon, rectum, and anus.
  5. Trauma surgery: Emergency surgery to repair injuries caused by accidents, falls, or other trauma.
  6. Vascular surgery: Surgery to treat conditions affecting the blood vessels, such as aneurysms and blockages.
  7. Pediatric surgery: Surgery on children, including hernia repair and appendectomy.
  8. Surgical oncology: Surgery to treat cancer, including removal of tumors and lymph nodes.
  9. Laparoscopic surgery: Minimally invasive surgery using small incisions and a camera to guide the surgeon.
  10. Robotic surgery: Surgery performed with the assistance of a robotic system, allowing for greater precision and control.

These are just some of the many general surgery topics surgeons may specialize in.


What are the 5 types of surgery?

There are many types of surgery, but here are five broad categories:

  1. Elective surgery: These are planned procedures that are not considered emergencies, such as cosmetic surgery or joint replacement.
  2. Emergency surgery: These are urgent procedures that must be done immediately to save a person’s life or prevent serious harm, such as appendectomy or trauma surgery.
  3. Diagnostic surgery: These procedures help doctors diagnose, such as a biopsy or exploratory surgery.
  4. Palliative surgery is performed to relieve pain or symptoms caused by an underlying condition, such as tumor removal or bypass surgery.
  5. Reconstructive surgery: These are surgeries performed to restore the function or appearance of a body part that has been damaged or lost, such as breast reconstruction after a mastectomy or skin grafts for burn victims.

What Is Classed as General Surgery?

General surgery is a field of medicine that involves performing surgical procedures on the body’s organs and tissues.

It covers a wide range of surgical procedures and conditions, including:

  1. Appendectomy: surgical removal of the appendix
  2. Cholecystectomy: surgical removal of the gallbladder
  3. Hernia repair: surgical repair of a hernia
  4. Mastectomy: surgical removal of the breast
  5. Colectomy: surgical removal of part or all of the colon
  6. Gastrectomy: surgical removal of part or all of the stomach
  7. Thyroidectomy: surgical removal of the thyroid gland
  8. Splenectomy: surgical removal of the spleen
  9. Biopsies: surgical removal of tissue samples for diagnostic purposes
  10. Laparoscopic surgeries: minimally invasive surgical procedures using a laparoscope

These are just some of the most common surgical procedures that fall under general surgery. General surgeons are trained to perform a wide range of surgical procedures, and their expertise and knowledge are essential in treating various conditions and diseases.

What Are Examples of General Surgery?

General surgery is a specialty that involves the diagnosis, treatment, and management of a wide range of conditions affecting various organs and systems of the body.

Here are some examples of general surgery:

  1. Appendectomy is the surgical removal of the appendix, a small pouch attached to the large intestine.
  2. Hernia repair: Hernias occur when a portion of an organ protrudes through a weakened part of the abdominal wall. General surgeons perform hernia repair surgeries to restore normal anatomy and prevent complications.
  3. Cholecystectomy is the surgical removal of the gallbladder, a small organ beneath the liver that stores bile.
  4. Colectomy is the surgical removal of all or part of the colon, the large intestine.
  5. Thyroidectomy: This is the surgical removal of the thyroid gland, which is located in the neck and produces hormones that regulate metabolism.
  6. Mastectomy is the surgical removal of all or part of the breast tissue, usually performed to treat breast cancer.
  7. Gastrectomy is the surgical removal of all or parts of the stomach.
  8. Splenectomy is the surgical removal of the spleen, an organ that plays a role in the immune system and blood filtration.

These are just a few examples of the types of surgeries a general surgeon may perform. General surgeons may also perform trauma-related surgeries, burns, and other emergencies.

General Surgery Diseases List

Here are some common diseases and conditions that a general surgeon may treat:

  1. Appendicitis: inflammation of the appendix
  2. Gallstones: hard deposits that form in the gallbladder
  3. Hernias: a protrusion of an organ or tissue through a weak spot in the abdominal wall
  4. Colorectal cancer: cancer of the colon or rectum
  5. Breast cancer: cancer of the breast tissue
  6. Thyroid nodules: abnormal growths on the thyroid gland
  7. Pancreatic cancer: cancer of the pancreas
  8. Esophageal cancer: cancer of the esophagus
  9. Stomach ulcers: open sores that develop on the lining of the stomach
  10. Diverticulitis: inflammation or infection of pouches that develop in the wall of the colon

Remember that this list is not exhaustive; a general surgeon may treat many other diseases and conditions.


Most Common General Surgery Procedures

Here are some of the most common general surgeries:

  1. Appendectomy: the removal of the appendix, usually due to acute appendicitis.
  2. Hernia repair: the surgical correction of a hernia, which occurs when an organ or tissue bulges through a weak spot in the surrounding muscle or connective tissue.
  3. Cholecystectomy: the gallbladder removal, often due to gallstones or inflammation.
  4. Colectomy: the removal of part or all of the colon, often due to colon cancer or inflammatory bowel disease.
  5. Thyroidectomy: the removal of part or all of the thyroid gland, often due to thyroid cancer or an overactive thyroid.
  6. Mastectomy: the removal of all or part of the breast, often due to breast cancer.
  7. Splenectomy: the spleen removal, often due to trauma or disease.
  8. Hemorrhoidectomy is the surgical removal of hemorrhoids and swollen veins in the rectum and anus.
  9. Biopsy: the surgical removal of tissue for examination and diagnosis.

These procedures may be performed using traditional open surgery or minimally invasive techniques such as laparoscopy or robot-assisted surgery.

Female Surgical Ward Cases

The female surgical ward caters to various surgical cases that specifically affect women’s health.

Here are some common examples:

  1. Gynecological surgery: This includes surgical procedures related to the female reproductive system, such as hysterectomy, oophorectomy, myomectomy, and pelvic organ prolapse repair.
  2. Breast surgery: Female surgical wards also handle breast surgery, such as lumpectomy, mastectomy, and breast reconstruction. These procedures are often done to treat breast cancer or to address benign breast lumps.
  3. Urological surgery: Women may also need surgery to address issues with their urinary tract, bladder, or kidneys. This includes procedures like cystectomy, bladder repair, and urethral sling surgery.
  4. Digestive system surgery: The female surgical ward also handles surgical procedures that involve the digestive system. These procedures may include gallbladder removal, hernia repair, and bowel surgery.
  5. Endocrine surgery: Endocrine surgery may also be done in the female surgical ward. It includes procedures such as thyroidectomy, parathyroidectomy, and adrenal gland surgery.

These are just some surgical cases that the female surgical ward can handle. Each patient is unique, and the recommended surgery depends on their health condition and needs.



In conclusion, general surgery covers many surgical procedures, from routine operations to complex surgeries. The general surgeon is trained to diagnose and treat acute and chronic conditions that may require surgical intervention. They are crucial in managing surgical cases, from preoperative evaluation to postoperative care. With continuous advancements in surgical techniques and technologies, the field of general surgery continues to evolve, making it a vital and dynamic field in the medical world.

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