Do Vascular Surgeons Treat Lymphedema?

Have you ever heard of lymphedema? 

It’s a chronic condition affecting millions worldwide, causing swelling and discomfort in various parts of the body. While it’s commonly associated with cancer treatment, lymphedema can also be caused by other factors.

If you’re suffering from this condition, you may wonder, do vascular surgeons treat lymphedema? 

In this article, we’ll explore the role of vascular surgeons in treating lymphedema and provide you with the information you need to make informed decisions about your health. So let’s dive in!

What Is Lymphedema?

Lymphedema is a chronic condition that causes swelling in various body parts, most commonly in the arms or legs. It occurs when the lymphatic system, which is responsible for draining excess fluid from the body, is damaged or blocked. This can lead to a buildup of lymphatic fluid, causing swelling, discomfort, and other symptoms. 

While lymphedema is most commonly associated with cancer treatment, it can also be caused by infections, injury, surgery, or genetic factors. According to the Mayo Clinic, lymphedema has no cure but can be managed with proper care and treatment.


What Is a Lymphedema Specialist?

A lymphedema specialist is a healthcare provider specializing in diagnosing, treating, and managing lymphedema. This specialist may be a physician, physical therapist, occupational therapist, or certified lymphedema therapist (CLT). They work closely with patients to develop personalized treatment plans that address their individual needs and goals. Treatment options may include manual lymphatic drainage, compression therapy, exercise programs, and skin care management. Lymphedema specialists also educate patients on self-care techniques and lifestyle modifications to help manage their condition long-term.

Is Lymphedema a Vascular Disease?

Lymphedema is not strictly considered a vascular disease because it is not caused by a problem with the blood vessels themselves. Instead, it is a condition that arises from a disruption of the lymphatic system, which is responsible for maintaining fluid balance in the body. However, because the lymphatic system is closely connected to the circulatory system, some vascular specialists may also treat lymphedema. Additionally, some vascular diseases, such as deep vein thrombosis, can lead to lymphedema as a secondary complication. In fact, deep vein thrombosis is a condition commonly addressed through vascular surgery.

Do’s and Don’ts With Lymphedema

Lymphedema is a chronic condition that occurs when the lymphatic system cannot properly drain lymph fluid, resulting in swelling and discomfort. Knowing some basic dos and don’ts is important to help manage your symptoms and prevent complications if you have lymphedema.

Here are some things to keep in mind:


  • Keep the affected limb elevated above heart level as much as possible to promote lymphatic drainage.
  • Wear compression garments or bandages to help reduce swelling and prevent further fluid buildup.
  • Exercise regularly, as this can help improve lymphatic flow and reduce swelling. According to the National Lymphedema Network, physical activity is a key part of managing lymphedema.
  • Practice good skin care and hygiene to prevent infections, which can worsen lymphedema.
  • Seek treatment from a healthcare professional trained in lymphedema management, such as a lymphedema therapist or a vascular surgeon.



  • Avoid wearing tight clothing or jewelry that may restrict lymphatic flow.
  • Avoid hot baths or saunas, as heat can increase swelling and exacerbate symptoms.
  • Avoid cuts or burns to the affected limb, as this can increase the risk of infection and lymphedema exacerbation.
  • Do not lift heavy objects with the affected limb, which can strain the lymphatic system and increase swelling.
  • Do not ignore symptoms of infection or worsening lymphedema; seek medical attention promptly if you experience any concerning symptoms.

Remember, managing lymphedema requires a comprehensive approach that includes lifestyle modifications, proper skin care, and medical management. Following these dos and don’ts can help minimize your symptoms and maintain your quality of life.

Lymphedema and Lipedema

While lymphedema and lipedema may share some similarities regarding swelling and fluid buildup in the limbs, they are two separate conditions with distinct causes and treatments.

Lymphedema is a chronic condition that occurs when the lymphatic system, which helps to remove excess fluid and waste from the body, becomes damaged or blocked. This can be due to factors such as cancer treatments, surgery, infection, or congenital defects. Lymphedema is typically treated through a combination of compression therapy, exercise, manual lymphatic drainage, and medications.

Lipedema, conversely, is characterized by the abnormal accumulation of fat cells in the legs, hips, and buttocks, often leading to a disproportionate appearance compared to the rest of the body. Unlike lymphedema, lipedema is unrelated to fluid buildup, and its exact cause is unknown. Treatment for lipedema may include a combination of compression therapy, exercise, and liposuction.

It is important to consult with a healthcare provider to determine the appropriate diagnosis and treatment plan for any swelling or abnormality in the limbs.

Do Vascular Surgeons Treat Lymphedema?

First, what are vascular surgeons?

A vascular surgeon is a medical doctor specializing in treating diseases and conditions affecting the circulatory system. It includes the arteries, veins, and lymphatic vessels throughout the body. Vascular surgeons have specialized training and expertise in diagnosing and treating various vascular conditions, including peripheral artery disease, carotid artery disease, aortic aneurysms, deep vein thrombosis, varicose veins, and more.

They use various diagnostic tools, such as ultrasounds, MRIs, and CT scans, to help identify vascular diseases and conditions. They also use surgical and non-surgical techniques to treat these conditions, depending on the severity of the disease and the patient’s needs.

Do they treat lymphedema? Yes, vascular surgeons can play an important role in the treatment of lymphedema. While lymphedema is not strictly considered a vascular disease, it can result from several conditions that affect blood flow, such as deep vein thrombosis or chronic venous insufficiency.

In addition, some vascular surgeons may also specialize in treating lymphatic disorders and have expertise in lymphatic microsurgery, which involves using advanced surgical techniques to reconstruct the lymphatic system. Vascular surgeons may collaborate with other specialists, such as lymphedema therapists, to provide comprehensive care for individuals with lymphedema.

Treatment for Lymphedema

Treatment for lymphedema typically involves a combination of therapies to reduce swelling and manage symptoms. This may include:

  1. Compression therapy: Wearing compression garments, such as stockings or sleeves, can help improve lymphatic flow and reduce swelling.
  2. Manual lymphatic drainage: A massage that helps stimulate lymphatic flow and reduce swelling.
  3. Exercise: Gentle exercises like walking or swimming can help improve lymphatic flow and reduce swelling.
  4. Skincare: Proper skin care is important to prevent infections and other complications associated with lymphedema.

Surgical Options for Lymphedema

In some cases, surgical options may be considered for lymphedema that does not respond to conservative treatment. One surgical option is lymphaticovenous anastomosis (LVA), which involves connecting lymphatic vessels to nearby veins to improve drainage. Another surgical option is vascularized lymph node transfer (VLNT), which involves transferring healthy lymph nodes from another body part to the affected area to improve lymphatic function. These surgical options may provide long-term relief for those with lymphedema.


Is Lymphedema Considered Peripheral Vascular Disease?

Lymphedema is not considered a peripheral vascular disease (PVD) because it does not involve the arteries or veins, which are the main components of the vascular system. PVD typically refers to the conditions that affect the blood vessels, such as atherosclerosis, peripheral artery disease, and varicose veins.

On the other hand, lymphedema is caused by a malfunctioning lymphatic system, which drains lymphatic fluid from the tissues and maintains the body’s immune system. While lymphedema may share some symptoms with PVD, such as swelling and discomfort in the limbs, it is a distinct condition that requires specialized treatment.

Who Do You Refer to For Lymphedema?

For lymphedema, you can be referred to a specialist called a lymphedema therapist. They are trained to manage the symptoms and complications of lymphedema through various techniques such as manual lymphatic drainage, compression therapy, and exercise. In some cases, a vascular surgeon may also be consulted to evaluate if any surgical options are appropriate for the individual.

Finding Lymphedema Vascular Specialist Near You

To find a lymphedema vascular specialist near you, you can take the following steps:

  1. Ask your primary care physician for a referral to a vascular specialist or a lymphedema specialist.
  2. Search for lymphedema clinics or vascular clinics in your area online. You can use search engines like Google or Bing to look for specialists in your area. You can try using the keywords “lymphedema vascular specialist near me,” “lymphedema doctor specialist near me,” or “best lymphedema doctors in USA.”
  3. Contact your insurance provider to obtain a list of specialists in your area covered by your insurance.
  4. Check with local hospitals or medical centers to see if they have vascular or lymphedema specialists on staff.
  5. Reach out to support groups for lymphedema patients in your area. They can provide you with recommendations for specialists that they have worked with.

It is important to do your own research and ask for recommendations from people you trust to find a specialist experienced in treating lymphedema.


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